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Ohio Tall Towers Monitoring

2005 Activities

Tall Tower Wind Test Sites Across Ohio Installed & Planned by GEO

October 6, 2005 Wapakoneta Preliminatry Data - See Lima News

August 30,  2005 Tall Towers Preliminary Analysis of Bryan & Wapakoneta Wind Data

June 24, 2005 Tall Towers Project  Update (.pdf)
by Steve Watts at Utility-Scale Wind Seminar in Cleveland
including June 22, 2005 installation at Wapakoneta, Ohio

May 12, 2005 Verizon Partnership

May 12, 2005 Bryan, Ohio Tall Towers Test - See Bryan Times & Toledo Blade

Ohio Tall Towers Project Background

In August 2004, GEO received a Tall Towers Wind Assessment grant from the US Dept. of Energy (see news release below).  Three to four sites in various parts of the state will be chosen for monitoring in consultation with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).  For the first time ever in Ohio, GEO will use existing cell phone or communications towers to reach upper heights of 100 meters and will attempt to locate instrumentation at 130 meters (the top of the turbine blade on larger units) on some towers.  Lower heights of 30 to 50 meters and middle heights of 50 to 75 meters will yield an accurate measure of the wind shear at each location. Below is an upadated summary of the project which costs $110,000 in total.

State of Ohio Tall Towers Wind Assessment (Project Summary)

With the installation of the first two utility-scale turbines in Bowling Green, Ohio in November 2003, wind power entered a new era in the state.  Ohio has traditionally been considered a marginal state for wind energy development, but measurements at up to 50 m in Bowling Green revealed a high wind shear that, along with strong support of the municipal utility, AMP-Ohio, and Green Mountain Energy Company, allowed the installation of four 80 m Vestas turbines.  Independently, a new preliminary wind map of Ohio shows that area of the state, among others, to have good wind resources at heights above 50 m.  In order to promote accelerated development of wind energy in Ohio, a wind map validated with actual data is needed.

With the exception of wind monitoring studies by Green Energy Ohio (GEO), the only measured wind data publicly available in Ohio are airport figures that are significantly flawed for gauging wind energy potential.  While new turbines are being installed at heights from 70 to 100 meters, airport data are normally recorded at ten meters or lower--often with roof-mounted instruments affected by turbulence from the building itself.  Furthermore, the airport data frequently lack important detail such as variation in wind direction, turbulent intensity, appropriate averaging intervals, and temperature readings. 

The older Battelle Wind Atlas has graphs of Ohio wind speeds, but they are not based on actual measurements at turbine hub heights.  The Union of Concerned Scientists' wind resource map of Ohio in Powering the Midwest (1993) is based primarily on topography modifications to the Battelle data, and again lacks measurements at appropriate heights.   The most exciting development in wind resource assessment in Ohio is the soon-to-be-released state wind map being prepared by TrueWind Solutions.  The new 2004 wind map for Ohio suggests that Ohio's resource is better than previously thought, but it, too, relies on extrapolations, this time on measurements from weather balloons at five to ten thousand feet, coupled with state-of-the-art climate modeling.  These maps have been prepared for other states and are excellent guides to prospecting for good wind locations.  The release of the Ohio wind map in 2004 fits with the timing of this project. This GEO Tall Towers project will help locate three to four promising Ohio sites to monitor, whereas the data obtained can be used to verify the new Ohio Wind Resource Map at 100 m where no data is currently available.  Wind developers will proceed with an investment only based on measured data, thus promoting increased wind development in Ohio.

Ohio Dept. of Development News Release

U.S. Department of Energy grant largest in Midwest

August 13, 2004

Columbus, OH -- State Development Director Bruce Johnson announced today that Ohio has been awarded nearly $723,000 from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to assist seven energy-efficient and renewable-energy projects around the state.

"By funding these projects, we help promote the wide variety of energy options that exist in Ohio," said Johnson. "Ohio's large award demonstrates that the U.S. Department of Energy realizes that Ohio is a national leader in developing energy options."

The DOE is providing more than $16.3 million for 162 projects in 43 states and the District of Columbia through the State Energy Program for Special Projects. Due to it'cs strong commitment to energy-efficient initiatives, Ohio succeeded in obtaining the largest share of the awards in the Midwest. State energy offices will use the competitive funds to improve the energy efficiency of schools, homes and other buildings; promote energy-efficient industrial technologies; support renewable-energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass; and create opportunities for distributed energy resources.

The Ohio Department of Development's Office of Energy Efficiency will administer the project funds. The following are descriptions and the amount each Ohio project is being funded.

Editor's Note: The counties listed with each of the projects below only represent the home base of the non-profit; the work is largely done statewide or in multiple counties.

Ohio Industrial Technology Program and "Benchmarks and Breakthroughs" Showcase (Cuyahoga County) $149,941 - With Energy Industries of Ohio, this project continues the Ohio Industrial Technology Program, which works to attract funding to support research in support of energy -intensive industries that consist of glass, steel, metal casting, polymers, mining, aluminum, and biomass ([agriculture, forest products, and food processing]). Ohio will host a national technology showcase "Benchmarks and Breakthroughs" to highlight new energy-efficient industrial processes.

A Metals Processing Industry Training Program (Cuyahoga County) $147,926 - With Energy Industries of Ohio and Stark State College of Technology, the proposed project will develop a targeted training program for existing employees, and for those individuals seeking employment opportunities in the steel, metal casting, and forging industries. Trainees will learn how to maximize the efficiency gains made possible by new technologies to remain competitive in the world marketplace.

Tall Towers Wind Assessment (Franklin County) $55,000 - With Green Energy Ohio, this project will help locate four to five promising Ohio sites to monitor to promote wind development in Ohio. The data obtained can be used to verify the new Ohio Wind Resource Map at a height of 100 meters where the wind resource is more likely to support utility scale power generation.

Rebuild America Energy Efficiency Audits, Education and Training (Franklin County) $130,000 - With American Municipal Power-Ohio, energy education, energy-efficiency audits, and energy-efficiency workshops will be conducted in nine communities. Local government, K-12 schools, commercial, colleges and multi-family facilities will be eligible.This partnership is expected to leverage private- and public-sector investment, spur new economic activity, reduce pollution and increase the number of energy-efficient facilities in Ohio.

Schwan's Home Service Propane Truck Deployment in Ohio (Franklin, Hamilton and Cuyahoga Counties) $200,000 - Schwan's Home Service, Inc. will convert 56 heavy-duty delivery trucks from gasoline fueling to dedicated propane systems. The trucks will displace 362,353 gallons of conventional fossil transportation fuel (gasoline) and represent an annual fuel cost savings of $206,541. Schwan's, in collaboration with the Central Ohio Clean Cities Fuels Coalition; Hamilton County Department of Environmental Services; and Northeast Ohio Clean Fuels Coalition will use the project and Schwan's propane experience and expertise to educate fleets, the public, media and policy-makers in Ohio with respect to the opportunities for improving the corporate profitability by using clean-burning propane.

Tri-State Clean Fuels Network Coalition Support (Hamilton County) $20,000 - Support for the Tri-State Clean Fuels Network, including southwest Ohio, will help this organization meet its performance goal to increase use of alternative fueled vehicles by 17 percent in 2004 to improve air quality and health, reduce ozone formation, curb dependence on imported petroleum, and support Ohio's economy.

Alternative Fuels, Vehicles & Efficient Technologies Leadership in Central Ohio (Franklin County) $20,000 - Support for the Central Ohio Clean Fuels Coalition will help this organization increase by 17 percent or greater the use of alternative fueled vehicles in Central Ohio and the Miami Valley area.